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Survivor Challenge -- Application of Needs --


The following is an explanation from Wikipedia on Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs:
Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs is a theory in psychology that Abraham Maslow proposed in his 1943 paper A Theory of Human Motivation, which he subsequently extended to include his observations of humans' innate curiosity.
Maslow's theory contended that as humans meet 'basic needs', they seek to satisfy successively 'higher needs' that occupy a set hierarchy. Maslow studied exemplary people such as Albert Einstein, Jane Addams, Eleanor Roosevelt, and Frederick Douglass rather than mentally ill or neurotic people, writing that "the study of crippled, stunted, immature, and unhealthy specimens can yield only a cripple psychology and a cripple philosophy."[1] Maslow also studied one percent of the healthiest college student population.

THE CHALLENGE: USE THE PYRAMID PROVIDED TO FIGURE OUT THE OTHER 4 CATEGORIES AND WHAT NEEDS HUMANS NEED TO SURVIVE AND TO BE SELF-ACTUALIZED. YOU HAVE 6 MINUTES to figure out a category for each rung and examples of what is needed in that category to fulfill that need.




ONCE COMPLETED, TAKE OUT A CORRECTING PEN TO ASSESS YOUR POINTS. I WILL MAKE THE ULTIMATE DECISIONS, BUT THIS WILL BE A START. LET'S LOOK AT MASLOW'S PYRAMID OF NEEDS. HERE IS THE BASIC IDEA. DON'T GET CAUGHT UP IN THE FACT THAT YOU DIDN'T LABEL IT THE SAME WAY. JUST LOOK AND SEE FOR NOW.






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THE PYRAMID ON THE LEFT shows the basic topics of each need; Maslow's hierarchy of needs is often depicted as a pyramid consisting of five levels: the four lower levels are grouped together as deficiency needs associated with physiological needs, while the top level is termed growth needs associated with psychological needs. Deficiency needs must be met first. Once these are met, seeking to satisfy growth needs drives personal growth. The higher needs in this hierarchy only come into focus when the lower needs in the pyramid are satisfied. Once an individual has moved upwards to the next level, needs in the lower level will no longer be prioritized. However, if a lower set of needs is no longer being met, the individual will temporarily re-prioritize those needs - dropping down to that level until the lower needs are reasonably satisfied again.


NEXT, LET'S LOOK AT THE SPECIFIC HIERARCHY OF NEEDS TO SEE IF YOU HAVE LISTED SPECIFICS THAT FIT IN EACH CATEGORY. YOU GET 2 POINTS FOR HAVING THE CATEGORY RIGHT (OR EXTREMELY CLOSE) AND 1 POINT FOR LISTING A SMALLER TOPIC WITHIN THAT CATEGORY.

Click here to see the pyramid explained more explicitly: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Image:Maslow%27s_hierarchy_of_needs.svg
Why do we need these needs?

Physiological needs

The physiological needs of the organism (those enabling homeostasis) take first precedence. These consist mainly of:
  • Eating
  • Drinking
  • Sleeping
  • Sex
If some needs are not fulfilled, a human's physiological needs take the highest priority. Physiological needs can control thoughts and behaviours, and can cause people to feel sickness, pain, and discomfort.

Safety needs

When physiological needs are met, the need for safety will emerge. When one stage is fulfilled, a person naturally moves to the next. These include:
  • Personal security from crime.
  • Security as against company lay-offs
  • Health and well-being
  • Safety net against accidents/illness and the adverse impacts
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Love/Belonging/Social needs
After physiological and safety needs are fulfilled, the third layer of human needs is social. The psychological aspect of Maslow's hierarchy. This involves emotionally-based relationships in general, such as:
Humans need to feel a sense of belonging and acceptance, whether it comes from a large social group (such as clubs, office culture, religious groups, professional organizations, sports teams, gangs) or small social connections (family members, intimate partners, mentors, close colleagues, confidants). They need to love and be loved (sexually and non-sexually) by others. In the absence of these elements, many people become susceptible to loneliness, social anxiety, and depression. This need for belonging can often overcome the physiological and security needs, depending on the strength of the peer pressure. e.g. an anorexic ignores the need to eat and the security of health for a feeling of belonging.

Esteem needs
All humans have a need to be respected, to have self-esteem, self-respect, and to respect others. People need to engage themselves to gain recognition and have an activity or activities that give the person a sense of contribution,to feel accepted and self-valued, be it in a profession or hobby. Imbalances at this level can result in low self-esteem,inferiority complexes. People with low esteem need respect from others. They may seek fame or glory, which again are dependent on others. However confidence, competence and achievement only need one person and everyone else is inconsequential to one's own success. It may be noted, however, that many people with low self-esteem will not be able to improve their view of themselves simply by receiving fame, respect, and glory externally, but must first accept themselves internally. Psychological imbalances such as depression can also prevent one from obtaining self-esteem on both levels.

SELF-ACTUALIZED:
Cognitive needs
Maslow believed that humans have the need to increase their intelligence and thereby chase knowledge. Cognitive needs is the expression of the natural human need to learn, explore, discover and create to get a better understanding of the world around them.

Aesthetic needs
Based on Maslow's beliefs, it is stated in the hierarchy that humans need beautiful imagery or something new and aesthetically pleasing to continue up towards Self-Actualization. Humans need to refresh themselves in the presence and beauty of nature while carefully absorbing and observing their surroundings to extract the beauty that the world has to offer.

BY GAINING ALL THESE NEEDS, WHAT ARE STRIVING TO ACHIEVE WITH THEM?
According to Maslow, the tendencies of self-actualizing people are as follows:
1. Awareness
  • efficient perception of reality
  • freshness of appreciation
  • peak experiences
  • ethical awareness
2. Honesty
  • philosophical sense of humor
  • social interest
  • deep interpersonal relationships
  • democratic character structure
3. Freedom
  • need for solitude
  • autonomous, independent
  • creativity, originality
  • spontaneous
4. Trust
  • problem centered
  • acceptance of self, others, nature
  • resistance to enculturation - identity with humanity